The History of the Breed:
According to the AKC the Yorkshire Terrier first
appeared at a bench show in England in 1861 as a "broken-haired Scotch Terrier."
The earliest record of a Yorkshire Terrier born in the United States dates to
1872 and became an AKC-recognized breed in 1885.
The Yorkshire Terrier Club has
added a page to their website. It is a great
read. You can read it at History
of the Yorkshire Terrier.
Below is from my previous research
before this article was written.
Some believe the Yorkie
was probably developed for catching the rats that infested the mines, mills, and
factories in Yorkshire and possibly as a hunting dog for badgers and foxes.
Several types of terrier (Skye, Clydesdale, Paisley, English Black, Tan
Manchester, Dandie Dinmont, and Waterside) were crossed to produce the blood
lines of today. Some believe that the Maltese also contributed to the line. The
Yorkie was a much bigger animal then but breeders selectively breed the smallest
animals to obtain the smaller size.
Another view was published by Mr. Ed.
Bootman of Halifax, England in a journal called the "English Shopkeeper" in
1887. The article relates the breed to 3 specific dogs. The dogs were reported
to be a cross-bred Scotch Terrier, a Skye, and an Old-English Terrier. I do see
a lot or simularity between the Yorkie and the Scotch Terrier.
result is that most people today consider them a "glamorous dog" and they are
reported to be the number one toy breed (in terms of being the most popular) in